“White Americans have 22 times more wealth than blacks -- a gap that nearly doubled during the Great Recession…The ratio between white and Hispanic wealth expanded to 15 to 1.”
Luhby, Tami. (2012). Worsening Wealth Inequality by Race. CNNMoney. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/2012/06/21/news/economy/wealth-gap-race/index.htm?iid=HP_LN
College-educated Blacks are nearly twice as likely as comparable Whites to be out of work; college-educated Latinos are about 50 percent more likely than comparable Whites to be out of work; and college-educated Asians are about 40 percent more likely than comparable Whites to be out of work.
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2012). Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2011. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf
Black and Latino students are far more likely than Whites to attend schools of concentrated poverty.
Orfield, G., Kucsera, J., & Siegel-Hawley, G. (2012). E Pluribus…Separation. The Civil Rights Project. UCLA. Retrieved from http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/mlk-national/e-pluribus...separation-deepening-double-segregation-for-more-students/orfield_epluribus_revised_omplete_2012.pdf
“We study race in the labor market by sending fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perceived race, resumes are randomly assigned African-American- or White-sounding names. White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews.”
Bertrand, M., & Mullainathan, S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination. American Economic Review, 94(4), 991-1013. Retrieved from http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ofm&AN=513173282&site=ehost-live
A large scale field experiment found that White men with criminal records are more likely to be hired than equally qualified Black men without criminal records.
Pager, D., Western, B., & Sugie, N. (2009). Sequencing Disadvantage: Barriers to Employment Facing Young Black and White Men with Criminal Records. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , Vol. 623, Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities (May, 2009), pp. 195-213. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40375896
A Black youth is six times more likely to be incarcerated for a crime than a White youth even when the crime details and prior record are no different.
National Council on Crime and Delinquency. (2007). And Justice for Some: Differential treatment of Youth of Color in the Justice System. Author. Retrieved from http://www.nccdglobal.org/sites/default/files/publication_pdf/justice-for-some.pdf