Racial Inequity Data

Throughout college, I have done many projects, papers, and debates on racism. As you would expect, these assignments required a fair amount of research. The following is just a few of the more important data I have come across.

“White Americans have 22 times more wealth than blacks -- a gap that nearly doubled during the Great Recession…The ratio between white and Hispanic wealth expanded to 15 to 1.”

Luhby, Tami. (2012). Worsening Wealth Inequality by Race. CNNMoney. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/2012/06/21/news/economy/wealth-gap-race/index.htm?iid=HP_LN

College-educated Blacks are nearly twice as likely as comparable Whites to be out of work; college-educated Latinos are about 50 percent more likely than comparable Whites to be out of work; and college-educated Asians are about 40 percent more likely than comparable Whites to be out of work.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2012). Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2011. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2011.pdf

Black and Latino students are far more likely than Whites to attend schools of concentrated poverty.

Orfield, G., Kucsera, J., & Siegel-Hawley, G. (2012). E Pluribus…Separation. The Civil Rights Project. UCLA. Retrieved from http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/mlk-national/e-pluribus...separation-deepening-double-segregation-for-more-students/orfield_epluribus_revised_omplete_2012.pdf

“We study race in the labor market by sending fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perceived race, resumes are randomly assigned African-American- or White-sounding names. White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews.”

Bertrand, M., & Mullainathan, S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination. American Economic Review, 94(4), 991-1013. Retrieved from http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ofm&AN=513173282&site=ehost-live

A large scale field experiment found that White men with criminal records are more likely to be hired than equally qualified Black men without criminal records.

Pager, D., Western, B., & Sugie, N. (2009). Sequencing Disadvantage: Barriers to Employment Facing Young Black and White Men with Criminal Records. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , Vol. 623, Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities (May, 2009), pp. 195-213. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40375896

A Black youth is six times more likely to be incarcerated for a crime than a White youth even when the crime details and prior record are no different.

National Council on Crime and Delinquency. (2007). And Justice for Some: Differential treatment of Youth of Color in the Justice System. Author. Retrieved from http://www.nccdglobal.org/sites/default/files/publication_pdf/justice-for-some.pdf


  1. As a 57 year old Black Male!
    I Know'

  2. Thanks for providing all these sources, Ballisto!!!!

  3. Oh god yes. Isn't this something?

    I was just thinking about how some Whites also will use racial coding to discriminate against POCs. Sometimes, I just laugh when they do this because you know what they mean about it. I was just looking around for info about two dying malls... one was where I live...the "White" folks side of town and the other is the "Black" folks side of town. Both of these malls are dead malls though the mall on the Black folks side is doing a little better than the mall near me.

    Interestingly, I notice how patrons described the malls. Mind you,that some of the Black patrons described it as "ghetto" ,but do did the White people. OK,you may ask "Well Black people said the same about this mall. Why is it racist?" With the mall near me, I've been in it several times.. and its severely dead! Other than two shops, its a ghostown. Yet most of the people described the mall as being "dead"," old" or finished". Not a word about it being ghetto.

    I also did two other comparisons with other malls..doing the same thing with race , the only difference is that I'm using two malls that aren't dead. Again, I very noticed the same thing and more about racial coding with this. Both malls" Black" and "White" are pretty nice, yet because the White one didn't have a lot of high end shops in it, it was "ghetto" or that "shady types" hung around there. I compared one last shop ..in a hotty trot area.Though every race patronizes this stores, more elite White folks go there. This mall has been robbed many times, a couple of murders and bar fights have occurred there but this mall is described as "great", "awesome" or "great".

    From racist Whites I've learned that no matter how nice something is in the Black community it will always be ghetto. Let society tell it that all Blacks and Latinos live in ghettos .Let some Whites tell you that their communities are safe (being raised in a working class White community let me say that its NOT always true). Like I was telling a cousin of mine when it comes to crime, there is no such thing as a "safe" neighborhood and living in a White community isn't anymore safer than a Black one,its just a matter of media letting you know about our crime rate quicker than theirs because they want to pretend that only Black folks live in crime..and to keep their property values up.

    This is some great research. All of this just goes show how White society wants to tell us whose in charge and then they wonder why were supposedly an angry race of people (I don't know why White society say that we are.To me racism/discrimination .. no matter how subtle or outright it is...is a form of anger.When we think about it they're the angry bunch)?

  4. Thanks a lot for sharing this.

  5. Isn't claiming an entire race of people such as "whites" kind of racist, ironic how this is right?

    1. No, it's not. In everyday vernacular, when one refers to a class or group of things/people exceptions are usually implied unless otherwise stated. So when a person says, for example, that white people are intent on perpetuating their socioeconomic advantage he is referring to white people as a whole but not necessarily every individual white person.


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